Congratulations to Guo Gan, the first Chinese traditional musician to be awarded the title of "Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres" by French government on April 25.2016 at the French embassy in Beijing!
Avec plus de deux mille concerts à son actif aux côtés des plus grands, Guo Gan recherche, avec élégance et virtuosité, à faire rayonner le erhu hors de Chine et à mêler, au gré de ses rencontres, les influences musicales du monde entier, a souligné Maurice Gourdault-Montagne, ambassadeur de France en Chine, lors de la cérémonie de la remise des insignes de chevalier de l'ordre des Arts et des Lettres, organisée lundi à la résidence de France à Beijing.
"J'ai déjà passé 16 ans dans mon deuxième pays : la France. Je suis heureux de pouvoir au moyen de cet instrument traditionnel chinois, et en m'appuyant sur l'ambiance culturelle de France, faire rayonner la musique chinoise et la musique française à travers le monde", a confié l'artiste lors de la cérémonie d'honneur.
Né à Shenyang dans une famille d'artistes, Guo Gan s'est passionné très tôt pour la musique. A l'âge de quatre ans, il a débuté auprès de son père, Guo Junming (célèbre maître chinois), son apprentissage du erhu, une vielle chinoise à deux cordes.
En 2001, Guo Gan décide de traverser les frontières et de se rendre à Paris pour étendre ses expériences musicales et perfectionner sa technique des percussions auprès du professeur Marc Vives Quérol. Depuis, il fait connaître le répertoire chinois au public occidental et collabore avec de nombreux artistes français de renom : Lang Lang. Yvan Cassar et l'orchestre de l'opéra de Paris, Didier Lockwood, Mathias Duplessy, Jean-François Zygel, Adrien Frasse-Sombet... L'artiste a également participé à l'enregistrement de nombreuses musiques de films.
Comme l'indique l'Ambassade de France, l'ordre des Arts et des Lettres, géré par le ministère de la Culture et de la Communication de la République française, récompense "les personnes qui se sont distinguées par leur création dans le domaine artistique ou littéraire ou par la contribution qu'elles ont apportée au rayonnement des arts et des lettres en France et dans le monde."
Instrument has potential to make lasting impression on the global stage
The erhu and violin don't have much in common, except that both are stringed instruments and are played using a bow. However, for Chinese erhu player Guo Gan, the similarities between the two instruments don't end there. He says that like the violin, the erhu can be enjoyed by audiences worldwide.
Guo, 48, who started playing the erhu as a 4-year-old in Shenyang, an industrial city in Northeast China's Liaoning province, has so far released over 40 albums as a soloist and a band member in a variety of music genres, such as rock, jazz and classical music.
He has also taken the unfamiliar sounds of the ancient Chinese instrument to nearly 2,000 concerts worldwide, working with hundreds of international musicians, including French jazz violinist Didier Lockwood and Chinese pianist Lang Lang.
On April 25, Guo, who moved to Paris in 2000, was named a Knight of the Order of the Arts and Letters by Maurice Gourdault-Montagne, the French ambassador to China.
The honor, which was created in 1957, has been given to other Chinese artists, including actress Zhang Ziyi and film director Feng Xiaogang. It recognizes those who have distinguished themselves through their work in the artistic or literary domain in France and the world.
Trained by his father, Guo Junming (1940-2010), an erhu musician and educator, Guo Gan says that learning to play the erhu is a family tradition.
"My father told me that the erhu portrays human emotions, especially sadness and loneliness," Guo tells China Daily.
"For me, the instrument is my connection with my father. Whenever I play the erhu, I am having a conversation with my father."
Besides the erhu, Guo also plays Western instruments, such as the violin, the cello and the piano.
"My father never expected me to be like him - an erhu musician," he adds.
"He was very open-minded and supportive of my choices."
By the time Guo graduated from the Shenyang Music Conservatory with a bachelor's degree in percussion performance in 1991, pop and rock music had started to blossom in China.
So, when he taught erhu and percussion at the Liaoning Music Conservatory from 1994-99, he founded his own jazz and rock bands.
"My experiences with forming bands expanded my musical horizons and gave me a different perspective about the erhu," he says. "The instrument can be played in a different way from my father's generation."
In 2000, Guo went to France to study percussion at the National Music School in Paris, where he founded another jazz band, Dragon Jazz, which won the second prize at a European Chinese music competition in Belgium in December 2002.
But despite these successes, he says that there was a time when he tried to escape from the erhu.
"Before I left Shenyang, I didn't even want to carry the instrument with me. But it was my father who told me to take the erhu with me," he says.
After arriving in Europe, Guo began performing at events held by overseas Chinese communities as he struggled to make ends meet like many foreign students.
His first break came in 2002, when he was invited to record music for the movie L'idole by composer Gabriel Yared, who won an Oscar and a Grammy Award for his work on The English Patient.
That collaboration brought Guo more opportunities to record music for other French films.
His latest contribution is for DreamWorks animation Kung Fu Panda 3.
He also made a guest appearance as a soloist at the opening ceremony of the Cannes film festival in 2002.
In 2005, Chinese director Zhang Yimou invited him to play a series of concerts for the promotion of the film, The House of Flying Daggers, in Europe.
"One of the most rewarding parts of joining a new project is meeting different musicians and seeking opportunities for collaboration. I am happy to see that the erhu, which is rarely appreciated in the West, can be used in so many different music styles," says Guo.
"I believe the best way to preserve my father's erhu legacy is to make the sound come alive and adjust it to fit different cultures. I live in a culture different from my native one, which opens me up. I'm willing to accept and confront differences."
While his pianist wife and two children live in Paris, Guo says that he plans to have more shows in China and work with Chinese musicians.
Guo Gan plays the erhu at the event while receiving the Knight of the Order of the Arts and Letters. Feng Yongbin / China Daily
(China Daily USA 04/22/2016 page7)